Guide to the pronunciation of Welsh
Facts to remember:
1- Welsh is a phonetic language which means the spelling guides the pronunciation.
There are 28 letters in the Welsh Alphabet comprising 7 Vowels and 21 Consonants and 13 dipthongs
There are 28 letters are: A | B | C | Ch | D | Dd | E | F | Ff | G | H | I | L | Ll | M | N | Ng | O | P | R | Rh | S | T | Th | U | W | Y
The dipthongs are: Ae | Ai | Au | Aw | Ei | Eu | Ew | I'w | Y'w | Oe | Ow | Wy | Ywy
The examples are Welsh words.
a: short A as in man Ex. abber
ae, ai, and au: 'y' as in "my". Example: ninnau (nineye); mae (my); henaid (henide); main (mine); craig (crige).
aw: aw as the 'ow' in cow. Example: mawr (mour); prynhawn (prinhown); fawr (vow)
b: same as in English
c: the English 'k'
ch: as in German 'sprechen" or Scotch 'loch' or Greek "X chi"
d: the English 'd'
dd: the English 'th' as in 'this'
e: English short e as in 'pen': Italian long e as in 'sera'
eu, ei: as the 'ay' in pray. Example: deisiau (dayshy), teulu (taylee)
ew: as in you. Example: mewn (meh-oon); tew (teh-oo).
f: the English v 'vent'
ff: the English f as in 'fair'
g: the English g as in 'gun'
ng: as in the English 'song'
h: always the aspirated English 'hat'
i: the English short i as in 'tin'
l: the English l
ll: unvoiced l; place tongue in position to pronounce 'l' then breath past the tongue without use of vocal chords.
m: as in English 'man'
mh: when it occurs at the beginning of a Welsh word "penfymhen" spoken as pen fy m hen
h: as in English
nh: same as in 'mh' nhen pronounced 'n hen'
o: short o the same as English 'hot'
p: same as in English
ph: same as in English
r: always a rolled 'r'
rh: the r and h must sound rh r hen
s: same as English single
t: same as English
th: as in the English 'that'
u: more like the French u than the English ee; so that "culni" would be keuill-nee
w: In Welsh this is a consonant and a vowel; long or short. Short 'w' as the 'oo' in English 'look"
y: In Welsh three vowel sounds. Short 'y' as in English 'win"; Long y in the Welsh word 'dyn' would sound 'dean' in English.